22. Children.

A child is not presumed competent to consent to medical treatment until he reaches the age of 161. A child who has attained the age of 16 years may consent to any surgical, medical or dental treatment2 and it is not necessary to obtain any consent for it from his parent or guardian3. However, for treatment consent can also be given by those with parental responsibility for the child and authorisation can be given by the court4. A younger child is capable of giving valid consent to treatment if he has achieved sufficient intelligence and understanding to make that