653. Purpose and scope of the Rent Acts; terminology.

The general purpose of the Rent Acts1 was to mitigate hardship to tenants in the private rented sector resulting from a scarcity of housing2. Parliament sought to do this firstly by preventing landlords from increasing the rent of premises within the Acts above a permitted maximum3, and secondly by conferring on tenants of such premises a status of irremovability by forbidding landlords to evict them without a court order and limiting the grounds on which such an order may be made4. In addition, to prevent the provisions as to rent restriction being circumvented and tenants from turning their statutory