436. Torture.

436.     Torture.

The Criminal Justice Act 1988 makes the crime of torture in the Torture Convention1, whether committed in or outside the United Kingdom and whatever the nationality of the offender, an offence against the law of England and Wales2. In doing so it omits from the definition of the offence the requirement in the Convention's definition of torture that the severe pain or suffering be inflicted for a particular purpose or for a discriminatory reason3. The Act provides for a defence of lawful authority, justification or excuse4.

Proceedings for the