31. The Crown.

4.     The Conduct of International Relations

31.     The Crown.

By English law, for external purposes, the Crown represents the community. No person or body save the Queen, by her accredited representatives, can deal with a foreign state so as to acquire rights or incur liabilities on behalf of the community at large1. Conforming almost exactly to the classical conception in international law of the head of state2, invested with the jus omnimodae repraesentionis, the Crown declares war and makes peace3, makes treaties4, acquires and cedes territory5, accords recognition to foreign states6, appoints as minister for foreign affairs