21. Techniques of legislative implementation.

21.     Techniques of legislative implementation.

There are various legislative techniques by which Parliament can implement provisions of a treaty in English law1. It is unnecessary for the text of a treaty provision to be reproduced in the body of an Act, whether verbatim or with minor adjustments2. More often legislation simply gives effect to a provision in substance without reproducing its text or even referring to the treaty3. Alternatively, legislation may provide in the body of the Act that provisions set out in a schedule to the Act have force of law4, that conduct contrary to provisions