72. Signature.

72.     Signature.

Signature of a treaty1 has traditionally served a more significant purpose than mere authentication2, as it constituted the first part of the dual process of signature and ratification, whereby a state becomes bound by the treaty. At one time subsequent ratification was formally necessary as a matter of English law to the effectiveness of a signature for this purpose3. The modern rule is that the consent of a state to be bound by a treaty is expressed by the signature of its representative4 when: (1) the treaty provides that signature has that effect5;