149. Rights and duties in the exclusive economic zone.

The rights and duties of the coastal state in respect of its exclusive economic zone are defined by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea1. They include sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring, exploiting, conserving and managing the natural resources, whether living or non-living, of the waters superjacent to the sea bed and of the sea bed and its subsoil2; and jurisdiction with respect to:

  1.  

    (1)     the establishment, use and ultimate removal of artificial islands, installations and structures3;

  2.  

    (2)     marine scientific research4; and

  3.  

    (3)     the protection and preservation of the marine environment5.

The United Kingdom regards