45. Recognition of states in United Kingdom constitutional law and judicial practice.

The decision whether to recognise a state falls within the foreign affairs prerogative, as exercised by the executive1. It is not susceptible to judicial review2.

Where a party to proceedings in the English courts contests a territorial entity's statehood, the courts seek information from the executive, in the form of an 'executive certificate' from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, indicating whether the government, on behalf of the United Kingdom, recognises the entity as a state