48. Recognition and ascertainment of foreign governments in United Kingdom constitutional law and judicial practice.

In the rare cases in which it now occurs, recognition of a foreign government remains an unreviewable exercise by the executive of the foreign affairs prerogative. In such cases, it remains open to the executive to inform an English court, via executive certificate from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office1, of the government's recognition, on behalf of the United Kingdom, of particular authorities as the government of a state2. The courts consider themselves bound to treat as the government of that state any authorities recognised as the government of that state by the United Kingdom and not to treat as