216. Protective principle.

216.     Protective principle.

Under the protective principle a state has jurisdiction to criminalise extra-territorial conduct, regardless of the nationality of the offender, where that conduct is against the security1, territorial integrity or political independence of the state2. This principle includes jurisdiction over crimes which consist of the falsification, counterfeiting or uttering of falsified copies or counterfeits of the seals, currency, stamps, passports or public documents issued by the state or under its authority3.