179. Protection and preservation of the marine environment.

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea1 makes provision for the protection and preservation of the marine environment2. States are obliged to protect and preserve the marine environment3. They have the sovereign right to exploit their natural resources pursuant to their environmental policies and in accordance with their duty to protect the marine environment4. States must take, individually or jointly as appropriate, all measures to prevent, reduce and control pollution of the marine environment5. They must so act as not to transfer, directly or indirectly, damage or hazards from one area to another or transform one