164. Penal jurisdiction over ships on the high seas in matters of collision etc.

Save in exceptional cases expressly provided for in international treaties or in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea1, a ship on the high seas is subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of its flag state2. In the event of a collision or other incident of navigation3 concerning a ship on the high seas which involves the responsibility of the master or of any other person in the service of the ship, no penal or disciplinary proceedings may be instituted against such persons except before the judicial or administrative authorities either of the flag state or the