358. Necessity.

The wrongfulness of conduct that would otherwise constitute a breach by a state or international organisation of one or more of its international obligations may be precluded to the extent that the state or international organisation can establish that the conduct in question was taken in response to a state of necessity1.

A state may not invoke a state of necessity unless the act in question is the only way2 for it to safeguard an essential interest3 against a grave and imminent peril4. An international organisation may not invoke a state of necessity unless the act in question is the