388. Nationality of claims: the general rule.

In order to be able to take up by way of diplomatic protection a claim which arises out of an injury committed in relation to an individual person or corporation, a state must normally be in a position to demonstrate that the injured person or corporation possesses its nationality1. This rule is one of the consequences of the historical conception of diplomatic protection, namely that, in presenting an international claim which arises from an injury to an individual, the state is asserting its own rights and is claiming for an injury to itself, suffered through the injured person