168. Meaning of 'piracy'.

Piracy in international law (piracy jure gentium) is defined by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea1, and this definition forms part of United Kingdom domestic law2. According to the Convention, piracy consists of the following acts:


    (1)     any illegal acts of violence or detention3, or any act of depredation4, committed for private ends5 by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed:


      (a)     on the high seas, against another6 ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft7; or


      (b)     against a ship,