120. Maritime zones.

(2)     Internal Waters and the Territorial Sea

120.     Maritime zones.

Under international law, internal waters are assimilated to the land territory of a state1. Immediately seaward of a state's internal waters and land territory lies the 12 nautical mile (NM) belt of territorial sea, together with its seabed and superjacent airspace2; and the seabed adjacent to a state but seaward of the territorial sea is the continental shelf. Both the territorial sea and the continental shelf appertain automatically to a state by operation of law. The legal regime of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ)3 is