144. Laws and regulations of coastal states in relation to transit passage.

144.     Laws and regulations of coastal states in relation to transit passage.

The right of states to legislate for ships in transit passage1 is constrained by the duty not to deny, hamper or impair the right of transit passage2. Coastal states may adopt non-discriminatory3 laws and regulations relating to transit passage in respect of all or any of the following:

  1.  

    (1)     the safety of navigation and the regulation of maritime traffic, as provided4 in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea5;

  2.  

    (2)     the prevention, reduction and control of pollution by giving effect to applicable