27. Issues of adjudication in general.

(4)     Issues of Adjudication

27.     Issues of adjudication in general.

The English courts may be substantively1 barred by common law from adjudicating upon matters touching on international law2. None of the applicable common-law principles reflects an obligation binding on the United Kingdom under international law3. Moreover, as creatures of common law, all may be overridden by statute, expressly or by necessary implication. The various principles nonetheless remain obstacles to an English court's consideration, by one route or another, of questions of international law. At the same time, considerations of international law are relevant