413. International criminal courts.

An international criminal court1 is a criminal court which formally depends for its existence and competence on international law2. Most of the international criminal courts which have existed to date have been established and empowered by means of either a treaty (whether among states3 or between a state and an international organisation4) or a decision of the United Nations Security Council under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations5, although these two means do not exhaust the possibilities6. The only permanently-constituted international criminal court is the International Criminal Court