133. Innocent passage.

133.     Innocent passage.

Customary international law recognises a right of innocent passage through the territorial sea1 for ships of states other than the coastal state. This is a feature which distinguishes the territorial sea from internal or national waters2. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea provides that ships of all states, whether coastal or not, enjoy the right of innocent passage through the territorial sea3. Entry to the territorial sea other than in exercise of the right of innocent passage and without the permission of the coastal state is a violation of the