40. Individuals.

Individuals enjoy a measure of international legal personality. States have accorded them certain human rights under customary international law, and they may be granted a more extensive range of human rights under treaties to which a state within whose jurisdiction they may find themselves is party1. States can equally confer on individuals rights under international law other than human rights, most obviously by way of treaty2. Individuals also bear under customary international law a very limited number of obligations of a criminal nature, breach of which in principle renders the responsible individual punishable as a matter of international law3.