2. In general.

The International Court of Justice1, in the exercise of its function to decide such disputes as are submitted to it in accordance with international law, applies the following:


    (1)     international conventions, whether general or particular, establishing rules expressly recognised by the contesting states2;


    (2)     international custom, as evidence of a general practice accepted as law3;


    (3)     the general principles of law recognized by civilized nations4; and


    (4)     as subsidiary means for the determination of rules of law, judicial decisions and the teachings of the most highly qualified publicists of the various nations