327. In general.

The bases on which conduct may be attributed to a state for the purposes of state responsibility are relatively settled. The rules relating to attribution as codified in the International Law Commission's Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts ('ARSIWA')1 apply solely for the purposes of determining whether a state has committed an internationally wrongful act2, and are not as such applicable for the purpose of determining whether the conduct of individuals is attributable to the state for any other purpose3. International law provides for particular rules governing attribution in other specific circumstances, for instance those governing