435. Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions and of Additional Protocols I and III.

435.     Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions and of Additional Protocols I and III.

The International Criminal Court Act 2001 leaves unaffected the substantive provisions of the Geneva Conventions Act 1957, which make it an offence against the law of England and Wales1 for any person, whatever his or her nationality, to commit, whether in or outside the United Kingdom, a grave breach of one of the four Geneva Conventions of 19492, of Additional Protocol I3 or of Additional Protocol III4 or to aid, abet or procure the commission of any such grave breach. For