491. European Court of Human Rights.

The European Court of Human Rights, which has its seat in Strasbourg, was established under the European Convention on Human Rights1. Each contracting state, of which there are currently 47, nominates three persons of whom one is elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe2. Judges sit in their individual capacity3, in single-judge formation, in committees of three judges, in Chambers of seven judges, and in Grand Chambers of seventeen judges, depending upon the nature of the case and question before them4. The court has jurisdiction in respect of cases alleging violations of rights protected by the