355. Countermeasures.

The wrongfulness of an act of a state or an international organisation which is not in conformity with what is required of it by an international obligation is precluded if and to the extent that it constitutes a lawful countermeasure1. The adoption of countermeasures is to be distinguished from the termination or suspension of a treaty by reason of a material breach thereof2. The adoption of countermeasures is subject to stringent conditions: countermeasures may only be adopted against a state or international organisation which is responsible for an internationally wrongful act in order to induce it to comply with