147. Contiguous zone.

In a zone contiguous to its territorial sea a coastal state may exercise the control necessary:

  1.  

    (1)     to prevent infringement of its customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws and regulations within its territory or territorial sea1; and

  2.  

    (2)     to punish infringement of those laws and regulations committed within its territory or territorial sea2.

A coastal state may also presume that the removal from the seabed of the contiguous zone of objects of an archaeological or historical nature would result in an infringement of those laws and regulations