397. Cases in which there is no requirement to exhaust local remedies.

397.     Cases in which there is no requirement to exhaust local remedies.

The exhaustion of local remedies rule1 cannot apply if there are no reasonably available local remedies to exhaust, and does not apply if any available remedies provide no reasonable possibility of effective redress2. This may be so where the courts are completely under the control of the government which has caused the injury3; where there is an undue delay in hearing the case4; where the case is likely to result in the application of a uniform line of decisions, or of clearly applicable legislation5; where