67. Capacity to conclude treaties.

Every state possesses capacity to conclude treaties1. A treaty made between states may be expressed to be made by heads of state, or on behalf of the states, their governments or, less often, their ministries or state agencies2. In the United Kingdom the Crown has, historically, either directly or via the agency of a chartered company, such as the East India Company, entered into innumerable agreements, very often specifically styled 'treaties', with local powers in Asia, Africa and North America3, although the treaty character of such agreements, in the sense of an agreement governed by international law, has come