427. Basic facts.

(3)     The International Criminal Court

427.     Basic facts.

The first and only permanent international criminal court is the International Criminal Court (ICC), which officially came into being on 1 July 2002 with the entry into force of its constituent instrument, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court1. The ICC, which has its seat in The Hague2, is not an organ of the United Nations or part of the United Nations system3, even if the United Nations Security Council exercises important powers in relation to it4. The organs of the ICC include its three divisions,