158. Artificial islands, installations and structures.

On its continental shelf1, the coastal state has the exclusive right to construct and to authorise and regulate the construction, operation and use of:


    (1)     artificial islands2;


    (2)     installations and structures for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natural resources and other economic purposes3; and


    (3)     installations and structures which may interfere with the exercise of the rights of the coastal state4.

The coastal state has exclusive jurisdiction over them, including jurisdiction with regard to customs, fiscal, health, safety and immigration laws and regulations5. Due notice must be given of their construction, and permanent means for