476. Arbitration under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea1 establishes a system for the compulsory resolution of most disputes concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention2. States may make declarations3 choosing one or more of the following procedures for the settlement of disputes4:

  1.  

    (1)     the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea5;

  2.  

    (2)     the International Court of Justice6;

  3.  

    (3)     an arbitral tribunal7; or

  4.  

    (4)     a special arbitral tribunal8.

A state party to a dispute that is not covered by a declaration in force will be deemed to have accepted arbitration in accordance with the arbitration provisions of