333. Acts of organs: courts and the judiciary.

333.     Acts of organs: courts and the judiciary.

A state may incur responsibility in international law by reason of the acts of its courts and the judiciary1. This is particularly the case in relation to a claim of denial of justice in breach of customary international law brought by a state by way of diplomatic protection of a national, but responsibility may also arise by reason of acts of the courts or judiciary in other circumstances2. Although the judiciary may be independent of interference by the executive, it nevertheless constitutes, for the purposes of international