377. What constitutes a 'well-founded' fear of persecution.

There are subjective and objective elements to a 'well-founded' fear of persecution1: the claimant must establish that he has a subjective fear which is objectively well founded2. The assessment of future risk is determined by reference to the circumstances prevailing in the country of the claimant's nationality3, but the objective facts are not exclusively those known to the claimant or believed by him to be true4. The claimant must demonstrate a reasonable degree of likelihood that he will be persecuted on 'Convention grounds' if returned to his own country5, although in deciding whether a person has a well-founded fear