54. The Points Based System and changes to the Immigration Rules.

From 2008 onwards the rules relating to entry and stay in the United Kingdom for economic reasons and for study were overhauled and a 'Points Based System' on the Australian model1 was incrementally introduced into the Immigration Rules to replace a number of previous immigration schemes2.

The Points Based System nominally comprises five tiers (not all of which are operational). Tier 1 accommodates exceptionally talented migrants, entrepreneurs and investors3. Tier 2 accommodates skilled workers with a job offer and includes sub-categories for ministers of religion, sportspersons and intracompany transfers4. Tier 3 has never been implemented, but was originally designed for