559. Judicial review in the immigration context.

Decisions of persons or bodies such as the Secretary of State1, immigration officers2, entry clearance officers3 and the Immigration and Asylum Chamber of the First-tier Tribunal and the Upper Tribunal4 are subject to judicial review5 in the Administrative Court or the Upper Tribunal6 on the normal judicial review grounds of illegality, irrationality or procedural impropriety7. Prerogative acts such as the refusal of a passport are reviewable8, as are delays by administrative bodies and failures to act in accordance with a representation or policy or to give effect to a legitimate expectation9.

If the decision is to refuse asylum or to