441. Quantum of damages.

The purpose of contractual damages is to place the parties in the position in which they would have been had the contract been duly performed1. If causation is established, damages for losses naturally flowing from the breach may be claimed together with reasonably foreseeable consequential loss2. The latter is limited to loss which was reasonably foreseeable by the defaulting party in the light of the facts known by him (or by his agent) at the date when the contract was made (not at the date of the breach of contract). The normal starting point for damages in the sale