460. Imputed knowledge.

Knowledge gained by a solicitor in the course of a transaction is deemed to be known by the solicitor's client whether or not this is in fact the case1. Thus where a solicitor makes an incorrect reply to pre-contract enquiries, basing his reply on an erroneous assessment of the title deeds, the solicitor's knowledge and also his misstatement is attributable to the client who will be liable to the buyer in misrepresentation2. In such a situation the solicitor would be liable to his own client in negligence. The converse situation is also true. If, for example, the seller makes