114. Documents to be included in the epitome: root of title.

The epitome1 must commence with a good root of title, as specified by a special condition in the contract2. A good root of title is a document which, at the date of the contract:

  1.  

    (1)     is at least 15 years old3;

  2.  

    (2)     deals with or shows the ownership of the whole legal and equitable interest contracted to be sold;

  3.  

    (3)     contains an adequate description of the property; and

  4.  

    (4)     contains nothing to cast any doubt on the title4.

A conveyance on sale or legal mortgage which satisfies the above requirements is the best root of title because it effectively offers