1. Who is a carrier.

Carriers are persons who, either gratuitously or for reward, carry passengers or goods otherwise than for the carriers' own purposes or for purposes connected with the carriers' own trade or business. They may be classified as: (1) common carriers; (2) private carriers; or (3) other classes of carrier with special rights and duties1.

Forwarding agents are persons who conduct the business of arranging the transport of goods for others. They are not ordinarily carriers and do not ordinarily undertake that goods will be carried. Their normal function is to act as agents in concluding contracts for the carriage or handling