476. Where a claim is brought against the carrier by a charterer.

Where the goods are shipped by the charterer himself and the bill of lading is taken by him in his own name, or where a claim is brought against the carrier by a receiver who is a charterer1, then, in the absence of anything to show the contrary, the bill of lading is an acknowledgment only of the receipt of the goods2, and the contract of carriage is to be found in the charterparty alone3. Where a bill of lading is transferred to the receiver-charterer as consignee or indorsee, it does not affect the contractual relationship between them as