248. When goods are at shipowner's risk.

The shipowner's responsibility attaches as soon as the goods are received by his employees1. Apart from special contract or usage2, it is his duty to have the goods put on board and duly stowed in the holds or other places provided for the purpose, and to pay the expenses of so doing; he must also pay the cost of transportation to the ship if he has agreed to take delivery at some other place3. The goods are then at his risk, and, except in so far as he has some lawful excuse