639. Successive and substitute carriers.

If carriage governed by a single contract is performed by several successive carriers1, each carrier, by the very act of taking over the goods with the consignment note2, the luggage with the luggage registration voucher3 or the vehicle with the carriage voucher4, becomes a party to the contract of carriage5 and assumes the obligations arising therefrom6. In such a case each carrier is responsible in respect of carriage over the entire route up to delivery7.

Where the carrier has entrusted the performance of the carriage, in whole or in part, to a substitute carrier8, whether or not in pursuance of