249. Shipowner's common law duties as to loading and stowage.

Except where he engages a stevedore for the purpose, it is the shipowner's duty to take care in carrying out the loading1. Suitable equipment must be provided2, and sufficient competent persons employed3.

Cargo must be stowed with due care and skill4, where necessary with suitable dunnage and mats5. This includes cases of stowage of one kind of cargo near another foreseeably likely to damage it6; for example, if barrels are stowed along with goods liable to heat which by becoming heated cause the barrels to leak7. Such interaction must, however, be foreseeable: if not, the shipowner is not guilty of