341. Scope of exceptions relieving the charterer.

It is usual for the charterer to protect himself by an express term against the consequences of delay in the performance of his obligations. Sometimes the exceptions which relieve the shipowner from responsibility are made equally available for the charterer1. More often the terms which define the charterer's obligations do not impose on him an absolute duty to fulfil them, but exempt him from liability where his failure to do so is occasioned by certain specified events, which are thus excepted from the charterparty.

The term in its ordinary form provides that any time lost, whether in the loading or