696. Rights of recourse between carriers.

A carrier1 who has paid compensation pursuant to the CIV Rules or the CIM Rules2 has a rights of recourse against the carriers who have taken part in the carriage in accordance with the following provisions:


    (1)     the carrier who has caused the loss or damage is solely liable for it3;


    (2)     when the loss or damage has been caused by several carriers each is liable for the loss or damage he has caused4; and


    (3)     if it cannot be proved which of the carriers has caused the loss or damage, the compensation will be apportioned between all the