50. Rights and liabilities of forwarding agents.

The rights and liabilities of a forwarding agent are governed by general principles of the law of agency1 and by the terms of any special contract2. A forwarding agent is entitled to be indemnified against all expenses incurred on behalf of his principal3 and to be paid his proper charges4 for his services.

A forwarding agent is liable for failure to make proper arrangements for the carriage of the goods and for any ancillary matters which he undertakes, such as customs clearance5. Where he expressly promises to perform a particular act or service, he may be strictly liable for failure