89. Prohibition on contracting out.

Where a contract is entered into for carriage to which the Montreal Convention1 applies, any clause contained in the contract and all special agreements entered into before the damage occurred by which the parties purport to infringe the rules laid down by the Convention, whether by deciding the law to be applied or by altering the rules as to jurisdiction2, are null and void3. Provisions tending to relieve the carrier of liability or to fix a lower limit of liability than that which is laid down in the Convention are also null and void4. Arbitration clauses are allowed provided