222. Position of shipper other than charterer.

Where goods are to be shipped by a shipper other than the charterer, the shipowner as a rule owes no duties to the shipper until the contract under which the goods are to be carried is made. He is bound to carry the goods in accordance with the contract, when made; if, therefore, after making the contract, he is unable to receive them on board through lack of space, he is guilty of a breach of contract, the measure of damages being, presumably, any extra freight which may have to be paid