493. Overview of the Hague-Visby Rules.

The content and effect of the Hague-Visby Rules1 may be summarised as follows:


    (1)     the Rules contain certain rights and immunities in favour of the carrier which constitute his maximum protection2; he may surrender such protection, provided that such surrender is embodied in the bill of lading issued to the shipper3; but any clause, covenant or agreement in a contract of carriage relieving the carrier from liability for loss or damage to or in connection with goods arising from negligence, fault or failure in his duties and obligations or lessening such liability otherwise than as provided in the Rules